Don’t we find wonderful things in the Archives? Take for instance Jeanne Garnier, who was a captive along with several family members after an Iroquois attack in November 1689 in Lachenaie. How can you even hope to know what happened to her? But before getting to this, let’s step back and tell about how it began.
In his master paper, Le Premier demi-siècle de Lachenaie (1670-1724) — The First 50 years of Lachenaie, Mario Nadon explains why we cannot find some death acts of the Hubous’ in the Catholic records.
Mathieu Hubou and Suzanne Betfer have had 9 children. In November 1689, Suzanne is the widow of Mathieu for already 11 years and at least five of her children are still living. Her two single sons are still living with her: Mathieu, 36 years old and Charles, 24 years old. Her two daughters are married: Geneviève to Julien Garnier and Anne to René Sauvageau. Jean Hubou is married for a year now to Marguerite Goulet. All are residents of Lachenaie.
For some years, the war between the French and the Indians has been going on. In August 1689, Lachenaie is attacked by the Iroquois. The residents are scared and find refuge in the fort of the seignory. In the fall, things seemed to calm down and they return home. However, during the night of November 13, 1689, they are attacked by some 150 Iroquois. Almost the third of the population had vanished, 33 people were killed or went missing.
The Hubous’ were not spared. Suzanne Betfer and Charles Hubou are supposedly dead. An inventory after death of Notary Basset dated December 12, 1689 confirms that Geneviève Hubou and Julien Garnier were killed or vanished during the night of November 13. Another document from Notary Basset dated June 1, 1691 mentions that René Sauvageau was killed by the Iroquois. Possibly five of his six children were also killed. That document also describes the transaction entered between Joseph Barbeau and Jean-Baptiste Hubou who is administrating the succession of Mathieu Hubou and Suzanne Betfer, of Julien Garnier and of René Sauvageau. This transaction is made to maintain the peace between the two parties as Joseph Barbeau was responsible for the death of Julien and René by the Iroquois.
After these events, Anne Hubou left Lachenaie with her daughter Anne Sauvageau for Montreal where she married Moïse Hilarest in 1691. She died in 1728, at 69 years old. However, her brothers stayed in the area. Mathieu Hubou was married to Catherine Goulet in 1694 and died in 1723 in St-François-de l’île Jésus. Jean Hubou died between 1696 and 1699. He was probably killed during a military campaign. He was the first guard of the marquis de Denonville. His widow was married to Michel Feuillon in 1699.
So Geneviève, aged 7 at the time of the events, would have been the sole survivor of the Garnier family. Her paternal uncle, Mathieu Hubou Deslongchamps is her tutor, attested by a tutorship act dated January 1698. She would have been the only heir.
On June 12, 1702, at age 20, Geneviève married Jean Rochon (or Rocheron) in St-François-de-Sales de l’île Jésus. Present at the ceremony are Jean Beauchamp, Pierre Beauchamp, Mathieu Hubou, her uncle and tutor, Catherine Goulet, her aunt, wife of Mathieu.
But a document dated June 27, 1706 and available on the Website of BANQ mentions that Julien Garnier was dead but her daughter Jeanne was a captive of the Iroquois and would be still alive, has married an Indian and was living with the Oneida nation.
We can almost imagine the panic of Jean Rocheron who asks the intendant Raudot to be able to have access to the inheritance of his wife. He says that the land of Julien Garnier was abandoned and in a very bad shape. He had to work a lot on that land and had put a lot of money for it. He mentions that it was always assumed that Jeanne was dead and he doesn’t think she will come back to Lachenaie as she lives the life of the Indians. Intendant Raudot made his decision: Jean Rocheron may take the possessions of Julien Garnier but if ever Jeanne comes back, half of the inheritance should be given to her. All the possessions of Julien Garnier are in Lachenaie.
Another document passed before Notary Senet July 15, 1711 states that Jeanne Garnier was living with the Iroquois. This document relates to a transaction passed between Jean Rocheron and Mathieu Hubou.
Geneviève and Jean had 13 children. Geneviève died in 1758 at age 76. Without ever seeing her sister.
Here are the Hubou family members who went missing after the night of November 13, 1689:
- Suzanne Betfer, abt 55
- Charles Hubou, 24
- Julien Garnier, 40
- Geneviève Hubou, 33
- Pierre Garnier, 10
- Jeanne Garnier, 6
- Charles Garnier, 5
- Michel Garnier, 4
- Marguerite Garnier, 1
- René Sauvageau, abt 67
- Marguerite Sauvageau, 8
- Marie-Thérèse Sauvageau, 7
- Flavie Sauvageau, 5
- Bernard Sauvageau, 2
- Marie Sauvageau, 1